Geography

Our Vision

At Manor Primary School, we want our children to understand their place in this world in relation to the past, present and future in order for them to become responsible global citizens. We aim to inspire a curiosity and fascination about the planet and its inhabitants that will stay with the children through their lives.

Through different scales of geographical enquiry, our children have the opportunity to ask and answer questions about the natural and human worlds. This enables them to develop their knowledge of places, landscapes, environments, cultures and people, and how they have affected each other over time. Geographical enquiry includes mapping skills and a range of investigative and problem solving skills both inside and outside the classroom through local fieldwork and trips. Natural processes and human activity mean that it’s an ever-changing world which we share and so geography is an evolving, relevant and engaging field of study.

Our world shapes us, and we shape the world. Underpinning all our humanities work at Manor Primary School is the idea that we are motivating and inspiring our children to find out about their world. This understanding will enable them to be active contributors to and protectors of our planet and its heritage as they grow up.

Geography in Year 1

Locational knowledge:

    • name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom

Place knowledge:

    • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

Human and physical geography:

    • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles
    • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
    • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
    • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

Geographical skills and fieldwork:

    • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage
    • use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right]
    • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key

Geography in Year 2

Locational knowledge:

  • Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans
  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas Place knowledge.
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country Human and physical geography
  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

  • Key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather.
  • Key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.

Geographical skills and fieldwork.

  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage.
  • Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map.
  • Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key.
  • Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.

Geography in Year 3

• Locate the world’s countries using maps

• Identify the position and significance of longitude, latitude and the equator

• Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom and a region in a European country

• Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography including rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes

• Describe and understand key aspects of human geography including the type of settlement and land use

• Use maps, atlases and globes to locate countries and to describe features studied

• Use the eight points of a compass and four figure grid references, symbols and key to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world

• Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area

Geography in Year 4

  • UK studies of the local area and Channel Islands linked to the ‘Cast Away’ learning journey.
  • European study of France linked to the ‘Never Ignore a Possible’ learning journey.
  • Develop understanding of a range of human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • Describe and understand human and physical aspects including similarities and similarities and differences between regions
  • Use maps, atlases, globes, digital/computer mapping, eight points of a compass
  • Use grid references, symbols and keys
  • Observe, measure and record human and physical features in the local area

Geography in Year 5

Locational knowledge:

    • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on North America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities
    • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night).

Place knowledge:

    • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region within North America

Human and physical geography:

    • describe and understand key aspects of:
    • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers and mountains.
    • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

Geographical skills and fieldwork:

    • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied

Geography in Year 6

Year 6 will learn about the rainforests. They will be introduced to the terms latitude, longitude, Equator, hemispheres, tropics, polar circles & time zones. Following this, the focus will be on the forest layers and their purpose before finally moving onto the highly diverse flora and fauna. Cross curricular links will be made with other subjects including art and design.