Geography in Year 5

Locational knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on North America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities

  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night).


Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region within North America


Human and physical geography

  • describe and understand key aspects of:

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers and mountains.

  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water


Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied