Design Technology in Year 4

Through a variety of creative and practical activities, pupils should be taught the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to engage in an iterative process of designing and making. They will work in a range of relevant contexts [for example, the home, school, leisure, culture, enterprise, industry and the wider environment]. When designing and making, pupils will be taught to: 

Design
  •  use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose, aimed at particular individuals or groups 
  •  generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated sketches, cross-sectional and exploded diagrams, prototypes, pattern pieces and computer-aided design
 
Make 
  •  select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks [for example, cutting, shaping, joining and finishing], accurately 
  • select from and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities 

Evaluate
  • investigate and analyse a range of existing products 

Technical knowledge 
  • apply their understanding of how to strengthen, stiffen and reinforce more complex structures (linked to the making the Iron Man – Nobody Knows and building the Eiffel Tower (Never Ignore a Possible).
  • understand and use mechanical systems in their products [for example, gears, pulleys, cams, levers and linkages]  - Linked to the Roman Remains learning journey (making a catapult)
  • understand and use electrical systems in their products [for example, series circuits incorporating switches, bulbs, buzzers and motors] - Linked to the Nobody Knows learning journey (making the Iron man with eyes that light up)
  • evaluate their ideas and products against their own design criteria and consider the views of others to improve their work 
  •  understand how key events and individuals in design and technology have helped shape the world (Gustave Eiffel)